THE YARD MEASURE.
Standards Have Varied in the Different Ages of the World.
The yard is the British and American standard of length. Down to 1824 the original standard of Britain (and from which ours was copied) was a rod, which had been deposited in the court of exchequer, London, in the time of Queen Elizabeth. In those days, says the St. Louis Republic, all measures intended for general use were taken to the court of exchequer to be examined by the proper officer. That official took the proposed measure and placed it parallel with the standard, and if found correct placed certain marks of identification upon it.
By an act of parliament in 1824 the old Elizabethan standard was superseded by another, which had been constructed under the directions of the Royal society 64 years previous. This act provided that “the straight line or distance between the centers of two points in the gold studs in the brass rod now in the custody of the clerk of the house of commons shall be the genuine standard of the yard measure in Great Britain.” The act further provided that the measurements of the rod must be made when the temperature of the brass rod was at 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
That standard was destroyed by fire in 1834 and the commission appointed to replace it made the yard measure now in use. The new standard was deposited in the house of parliament in 1855 and authenticated copies of it are in possession of our government officials at Washington.
Reno Evening Gazette (Reno, Nevada) Sep 11, 1896
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Title: Chambers’s Journal, Volume 68
Authors William Chambers, Robert Chambers
Publisher: W. & R. Chambers, 1891