Archive for September, 2011

Preserving Our Constitution

September 15, 2011

Alton Democrat (Alton, Iowa) Sep 29, 1949

Constitution Day is  Saturday, Sept. 17th, and although this article was published 90 years ago, it should be published again as a reminder, and so here it is:

CONSTITUTION DAY

In the reverence of Americans, September 17 should rank with February 22 and July 4, as a day of significance in American history. It was on this day in the year 1787 that out from the prayers and dreams, sacrifices and blood of our forefathers there issued forth a nation with the form of a republic and the soul of a democracy, pure and strong in purpose and predestined to be mighty in achievement. It was the embodiment of a Christian ideal born and nurtured in the hearts of righteous men and patriots. It was sent forth on its career with a prayer: in one hand it carried an olive branch and in the other, the most wonderful instrument of government that ever emanated from the mind of man.

The constitution of the United States embraces the assembled wisdom of perhaps the best brains in the aggregate that the world has ever produced. Pure in its diction, charming in its simplicity, and strong in its concise yet comprehensive inclusion of every essential principle of the most enlightened human government, it represents our nation’s first and greatest contribution to the thought of the world. It will live forever among the immortal masterpieces of man. Even as the source of all individual failure may be found at the point of divergence in personal conduct from the principles set forth and enunciated in Holy Writ, so whatever the failures of our own government have been or will be may be traced to the subversion or contravention of some principle embodied in our constitution.

In this hour of universal confusion when the nations of the earth, driven from their accustomed orbits by a cyclone of war, are trying to readjust themselves to orderly and wise processes of government it is peculiarly appropriate that in our own country we pause on this birthday of our constitution to pay tribute to its makers and to rededicate ourselves to the increasingly difficult task of preserving it against its enemies. With brazen effrontery, the forces of disorder are daily practicing treacheries upon the flag that has protected them in the exercise of the liberties which they misconstrue as license. Constitutional democracy has been at least partially supplanted by a sort of mobocracy that boastfully defies the restraints of distasteful law. The average American has ceased to regard himself as seriously bound to respect a law that he does not like, and disregard of constituted authority struts forth at noonday.

The tendencies of our national thought and the current of national events seem to be away from the foundation principles, upon which this republic was established. We have grown callously accustomed to the frequently successful attempts to bend, break, or misinterpret the constitution to suit the caprices of an element of our own people or the foreign ideas of those who cannot or will not understand the genius of our institutions. Demagogues and near-statesmen mistake the clamor of a mob for the voice of the people, and in the name of liberty, progress, and democracy the warnings of history are ignored and offenses against our constitution multiply.

It seems to us, therefore, that this is an appropriate day on which to stop, look and listen, and to take warning of the things that are going on about us. It seems to us that this is the time to take stock of our nationalism and to surround our institutions with that loyalty as understood and applied by our forefathers, and to set ourselves resolutely against rising tides of un-American theories and practices. Perhaps it is through the schools primarily that we must look for the inculcation of those virtues which venerate the constitution and which alone can hold us in the path to which we were committed by the framers of that great document. Perhaps we have been lax in our duties as American citizens with respect to our public schools and the services they have been rendering. Perhaps we have allowed them to drift away from the moorings to which they must be attached if they are to serve as an effective instrument of Americanism in our national life. If we would make the schools what they can and should be as a force for preserving the foundations of the republic we must realize our responsibilities toward our educational affairs and discharge them conscientiously. That is the way, in fact, it is the indispensable way, to the preservation of that type of constitutional government which has distinguished the United States of American from every other nation and placed its liberties and blessings in a class by themselves.

Appleton Post Crescent (Appleton, Wisconsin) Sep 17, 1921

SS Economics

September 15, 2011

The Landlubber and the Helmsman

Landlubber: Politicians

Helmsman: Business

San Antonio Express (San Antonio, Texas) Sep 7, 1930

Relief for WHOM?

September 14, 2011

ONE and ONE HALF BILLION

No More This Trip – We’re Overloaded Already

RELIEF FOR WHOM?

Appleton Post Crescent (Appleton, Wisconsin) Jun 4, 1937

President Shot Down

September 14, 2011

With Diabolical Deliberation, Leon Czolgosz, an Anarchist, Fires Two Bullets Into the Body of the Nation’s Highest Citizen — Tragedy Occurs in the Crowded Temple of Music at the Buffalo Exposition — Weapon Is Concealed Beneath a Handkerchief and as the Would-Be Murderer Proffers His Hand, Apparently to Clasp That of Mr. McKinley, He Pulls the Trigger — Latest Bulletin From the Bedside Is to the Effect That the Patient Is Resting Comfortably.

The Anaconda Standard (Anaconda, Montana) Sep 7, 1901

Our Martyred President

September 14, 2011

LET THE BELLS TOLL FOR THE NATION’S WOE

President McKinley Vanquished in the Battle With Death and His Life Goes Out in the Still Watches of the Night, Causing Millions of Hearts to be Chilled With the Sorrow Too Great for Words to Express.
————

WILLIAM M’KINLEY.

Born in Niles, Ohio, Jan. 29, 1843.

Was educated in the public schools and Allegheny college.

Enlisted as a private in the Twenty-third Ohio in 1861.

Was commissionary sergeant in 1862, second lieutenant in 1862, first lieutenant in 1863, captain in 1864.

Served on staffs of Hayes, Crook and Hancock.

Was made brevet major of volunteers for gallantry in battle by Lincoln in 1865.

After the was studied law and was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1867.

In 1867 settled in Canton, Ohio, and that place has been his home since.

Was member of congress from Ohio from 1876 to 1891.

As chairman of committee on ways and means reported the tariff bill of 1890, known as the McKinley bill.

Elected governor of Ohio in 1891; was re-elected in 1893.

Was delegate-at-large to National Republican convention and member of committee on resolutions in 1884, and supported James G. Blaine.

Was delegate-at-large from Ohio to convention of 1888 and supported John Sherman; was chairman then of committee on resolutions.

Was delegate-at-large to convention of 1892 and was made its chairman. He received 182 votes for president, but refused to allow his name to be considered, he supporting Benjamin Harrison.

Nominated for president at the National Republican convention at St. Louis, June 18, 1896, receiving 661 out of a total of 905 votes.

Was elected president in November, 1896, by a popular plurality of over 600,000 votes.

Was elected president in November, 1900, by a popular plurality of 849,435.

Was stricken down by the hand of an assassin on Sept. 6, 1901.

Died at Buffalo, N.Y., Sept. 14, 1901.

THE LAST HOURS OF THE PRESIDENT
—–
Touching Scenes in Sick Room Where a Noble Life Was Fleeting.
—–

Buffalo, N.Y., Sept. 13. — Before 6 o’clock this morning it was clear that President McKinley was dying, and preparations were made for the last sad farewell from those nearest and dearest to him. Oxygen had been ministered steadily, but it had little effect in keeping back the approach of death.

Touching Incidents

The president came out of one period of unconsciousness only to relapse into another. During this period occurred a series of events profoundly touching in character. Downstairs, with strained and tear-stained faces, the members of the cabinet were grouped anxious-waiting.

Last Greeting to Dying Chief

They knew the end was near and that the time had come when they must see him for the last time. About 6 o’clock, one by one they ascended the stairway — Secretary Root, Secretary Hitchcock and Attorney-General Knox. Secretary Wilson was there, but he held back, not wishing to see the president in the last agony. There was only a momentary stay of the cabinet officers at the threshold of the death chamber and then they withdrew, the tears streaming down their faces and words of intense grief choking their throats.

Last Parting With Beloved Wife

After they left, the physicians rallied him, and the president asked almost immediately that his wife be brought to him. The doctors fell back into the shadow of the room as Mrs. McKinley came through the doorway. The strong face of the dying man lighted up with a faint smile as their hands were clasped. She sat beside him, and held his hand. Despite her physical weakness, she bore up bravely under the ordeal.

President’s Last Words

The president in his last period of consciousness, which ended at 7:40, chanted the words of the hymn “Nearer My God, to Thee,” and his last audible conscious words as taken down by Dr. Mann at the bedside were: “Good bye, all; good bye. It is God’s way. His will be done.”

Ready to Meet Death

Then his mind began to wander and soon he completely lost consciousness. His life was prolonged for hours by the administration of oxygen and the president finally expressed the desire to be allowed to die. At 8:30 the administration of oxygen ceased, the pulse grew fainter and fainter; he was sinking gradually like a child into the eternal slumber. At 10 o’clock the pulse was no longer to be felt in the extremities and they grew cold.

They Await the End

Below stairs a grief-stricken gathering waited sadly for the end. Those in the house were Secretaries Hitchcock, Wilson and Root, Attorney-General Knox, Senators Fairbanks, Hanna and Burrows, Judge Day, Colonel Herrick, Abner McKinley and wife, Dr. and Mrs. Baer, Mrs. Barber, Mrs. Duncan, the president’s sister; Mrs. Mary Barber, Mrs. McWilliams, Mrs. McKinley’s cousin; the physicians, including Doctors McBurney, John G. Milburn, John N. Scatcherd, Harry Hamlin, Secretary Cortelyou, and a numbers of others.

Nearing Eternity

At 9:37, Secretary Cortelyou sent out the formal notification that the president was dying, but the president lingered on, his pulse growing fainter and fainter.

Sorrow Pierces Every Heart

There was no need for official bulletins after this. Those who came from the house told the same story — the president was dying, and the end might come at any time. Dr. Mann said at 11 o’clock that the president was still alive, and would probably live some time. Thus the minutes lengthened into hours, and midnight came with the president still battling against death. Secretaries Root and Wilson came from the house about midnight and paced up and down the sidewalk. All that Secretary Root said was that the “end has not come yet.”

Early Report of Death

Shortly after midnight the president’s breathing was barely perceptible. It was recognized that nothing remained but the last struggle.
The arrival of the coroner gave rise to the rumor of death. The coroner said he had been ordered by the district attorney to go there as soon as possible after the announcement of death. He had seen the announcement in a local paper and had accepted it as true.

President Consoles Wife

The president was practically unconscious during the time, but powerful heart stimulants, including oxygen, were employed to restore him to consciousness for the final parting with his wife. He asked for her and she sat at his side and held his hand. He consoled her and bade her good bye. She went through the heart-trying scene the same bravery and fortitude which she has borne the grief of the tragedy which ended his life.

Cause of Death Undetermined

The immediate cause of the president’s death is undetermined. The physicians disagree, and it will possibly require an autopsy to fix the exact cause. The president’s remains will be taken to Washington, and there will be held a state funeral.

Vice President Roosevelt, who will now succeed to the presidency, may take the oath of office whenever he happens to hear the news. The cabinet will resign in a body, and President Roosevelt will have an opportunity of forming a new cabinet if he so desires.

Davenport Daily Republican (Davenport, Iowa) Sep 14, 1901

The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio) Sep 16, 1901

A Frightful Collision on the O&P Railroad

September 13, 2011

Accident on the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad.

On Monday evening, the 31st ult., as the Fast Express Train from Pittsburgh to Cincinnati was turning a curve near Darlington, Pa., a frightful collision took place between this and the freight train going East. The collision was so sudden that no time was allowed to apply the “brakes.” The huge locomotives rushed upon each other as in deadly conflict, and having spent their giant power in one onset, sank together upon the track a complete mass of ruins. The freight train received comparatively little injuries — not so with the other. The baggage car passed entirely through the first passenger car — the bottom of the former passing just above the floor of the latter, sweeping, in the twinkling of an eye, every seat from its place, and crowding passengers, baggage, stoves and broken pieces of timber in a space not enough for one car. The concussion was felt but for a few seconds, and all was still except the fierce hissing of the escaping steam. Almost instantly the shrieks of dying men were heard far above the noise of the crushed engines.

Three or four men lay off to one side, in the snow — some with broken arms, others with shattered legs and bruised bodies, crying in piercing tones of agony for help. Just above the front end of the second passenger car, where a great mass of fragments had been washed up, three men were seen, two of them held up their legs, the third showing out of the mass of ruins but his head and hand, crushed, and black from congestive blood. Poor fellow, death gave him no time for agony.

Near to these, but on the other side of the cars, stood a brave man — Matthew Kolt — one leg broken and his right arm held firmly beneath the heavy timbers of the bottom of the baggage car, resting upon the front of the second passenger car. He uttered no complaint, though he leg was broken and his arm literally ground to pieces; nearly an hour elapsed before he could be released, yet he showed no impatience and let no groans escape his lips. The other two men were almost equally brave, enduring their long confinement with remarkable fortitude. The officers of the trains, assisted by some of the passengers, exerted almost super-human efforts to extricate the wounded and to place them in the unbroken cars; but so firmly were the ruins pressed together that it was probably no less than an hour before all were taken out. The cries of the wounded for physicians, for water, for warmth, and for wives and sisters, were sufficient to rend the stoutest heart.

One poor man, whose throat had been cut either by a splinter or by broken glass, was laid upon the floor of the car, and afterwards propped upon two or three seats, but his sufferings did not last long — he breathed through the cut in his throat for an hour or so and then lay still in death.

The Agitator (Wellsborough, Pennsylvania) Jan 17, 1856

First Aid for Angry Voters

September 13, 2011

CONGRESSMAN

You Spineless Jellyfish!
What do you think we have Congressmen for – to okay anything Roosevelt wants?
Are you a man or a rubber stamp?

You mule-headed obstructionist!
Why do you think we re-elected Roosevelt by a tremendous majority?
Are you representing the people or some anti-administration lobby?

Brownsville Herald (Brownsville, Texas) Apr 13, 1938

The Tramp’s Signal Code

September 12, 2011

THE TRAMP’S SIGNAL CODE.
Various Signs That Mean Much to Those Who Understand Them.

A custom house official in Port Huron, Mich., Mr. Pulteny Wright, had a good natured talk not long ago with a gentleman of elegant leisure. The gentleman of elegant leisure was on who had “done time,” and who is at present a tourist; that is, he belongs to the great army of tramps, and is a past master in the order.

He became affable and communicative because of some favor Mr. Wright had done him, or because he chanced to be impressed by the official’s winning ways, and in the course of his conversation exhibited a little book, in which were rudely drawn the pictures which tramps of the country make on fence and gateposts, and which form a code of signals all of them understand. So impressed by their curious nature was the gentleman to whom they were shown that he copied them, and his pencil sketches have since come into possession of The Mail. There are twenty-one of the signal marks here presented in groups, for convenience sake, and without regard to any order.

It will be observed that the marks are evidently those used by tramps of the worst type, since some of them indicate where burglaries may be committed or where vengeance may be gratified for some rebuff. As works of art the drawings are not remarkable, but as parts of a rude sort of historic language they are certainly rather striking. Some of them have a grim humor.

— Chicago Mail.

The Bucks County Gazette (Bristol, Pennsylvania) Jan 10, 1889

New Diet – New Hope!

September 12, 2011

LABOR
Employment Scales
Renewed Business Confidence
Construction Projects
S – STR – I- IKE TUH – H
Farmers’ Strike
Coal Strike
Preparedness for the Serious Business of LIFE
THE ANNUAL TREK

Alton Democrat (Alton, Iowa) Sep 9, 1937

The Republican Party, An Address

September 12, 2011

AN ADDRESS,
–BY–
WILLARD C. FLAGG.

[Excerpt]

…The Republican party was a rebellion against the slave power, organized in 1856, and at first taking ground against the establishment of slavery in the territories. It began, and has maintained a constitutional but continued contest against the iniquity of human slavery, in spite of ridicule as “negro worshippers;” of scorn as sentimental philanthropists, and of hate as the steadfast friends of human freedom:

“To day abhorred, to-morrow adored,
So round and round we run;
And ever the right comes uppermost,
And ever is justice done.”

Defeated in 1856, it rallied under Lincoln and Hamlin in 1860; and on the platform of Free Territories, and Free Homes in those Territories, it carried the election by a plurality vote.

In 1861, though in a minority of a million of votes, it took up the gauntlet thrown down by the Slaveholders, and began the war for the Union. In the general uprising that succeeded, it received large accessions from the better part of the Democratic party. Inconsistent with their party dogmas, a host of loyal men rushed from the Democratic ranks in obedience to the higher law of patriotism; and joined the defenders of the Constitution and the Union. And although hundreds and thousands of the bravest and best of our young men were slain in battle, died in hospitals, or endured the lingering tortures of Southern prisons, yet the ranks of the Union party were filled and closed again, and marched on to victory.

In 1864 the Republican party took the more radical ground, that slavery is incompatible with free government, and was sustained therein by a majority of 400,000 votes, by two thirds of both houses of Congress, and by three-fourths of the States — led off, I am proud to say, by the State of Illinois. Throughout a long, bloody and wearisome civil war, they sustained the national arms, the national credit and the national honor; lavishing life and treasure without stint, that the Union and our liberties might be preserved. And when, under the auspicious leadership of Abraham Lincoln, Grant and Sherman crushed the armed forces of the rebellion, it turned from the easier arts of war to the more tedious tasks of reconstruction and regulation of finances. It was, perhaps, too merciful. It let men go unhung when the public safety demanded that they should not be suffered to exist on American soil. It encouraged men who could not appreciate the quality of mercy to presume on their toleration; and hence after the dark day of Lincoln’s death, when Andrew Johnson proved recreant to his trust, rebels essayed again to take up with polluted hands the Government they had trampled upon, and to reign where they could not ruin…

…On the question of Personal Liberty the Convention recognized “the great principles laid down in the immortal Declaration of Independence, as the true foundation of Democratic Government,” and hailed “with gladness every effort towards making these principles a living reality on every inch of American soil.” In this there is no uncertain sound. It affirms farther that “the guaranty of equal suffrage to all loyal men at the South was demanded by every consideration of public safety, of gratitude and of justice, and must be maintained.” In all this the Republican party arrives still more nearly to the radical principles of free government — “of the people, by the people and for the people.”…

…Examining our candidates, our parties, our government and our principles, I find a substantial accord between the christian idea of the State, and the Declaration, the Constitution, Republican principles, the Republican policies, and the men put up by the Republican party as its candidates. I find here the men, the party, the country and the principles of Freedom, Union and Public Faith; and whatever may be the short comings of the Republican party, I pardon them all when I look upon the alternative that awaits in the Democratic organization, controlled by ideas and men so hostile to all that seems greatest and best in our national history.

In the words of Dostie, “Let the good cause go on.” It must go on whether we would or no; whether we do what we can to aid that cause and carry it through peacefully and joyfully; or stand in the way and mark its passage with wars and weeping. For if I have been right in the premises I have laid down, radical republicanism is as inevitable as Fate. It is the fiat of Omnipotence.

“He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat;
He is sifting out the hearts of men before his judgment seat;
Oh! be swift, my son, to answer him! be jubilant my feet!
Our God is marching on!”

W.C. FLAGG.
ALTON, Oct. 21st, 1868.

Alton Weekly Telegraph (Alton, Illinois) Oct 30, 1868

About Willard Cutting Flagg:

Title: Pioneer Letters of Gershom Flagg
Author: Gershom Flagg
Editor: Solon Justus Buck
Publisher: Illinois state journal co., state printers, 1912
(Google book  LINK)


Title: Life of A. P. Dostie;
The conflict in New Orleans Western Americana, frontier history of the trans-Mississippi West, 1550-1900
Author: Emily Hazen Reed
Publisher:W.P. Tomlinson, 1868