Posts Tagged ‘1819’

Mrs. Sarah Inman Roberts, A Pioneer

February 3, 2012

Short Sketch of Adams County Citizens of Advanced Age.
A Resident of Adams County for Fifty Years, This Good Woman Has Seen Many Changes.

Mrs. Sarah Roberts, whose picture we give below, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, August 3, 1819, and is therefore a trifle under 90 years of age. She was the daughter of Pamela J. and Arnold Inman, and at the age of 12 years moved with her parents to Washington county, near the town of Marietta, on the Ohio river. Here she grew to womanhood, amid the privations of pioneers in a timber country. On September 20, 1839, she was married to Daniel Roberts, in Muskingham county, Ohio, where they resided until 1850, when they removed to Henry county, Illinois, locating on the prairie near where the town of Kewanee now stands.

1850 Census - Muskingham Co., Ohio

Here they resided for two years, and then returned to Ohio, remaining in Muskingham county until August, 1959, when in company with Messrs. Alfred and John White, Mr. and Mrs. Roberts started overland in covered wagons for Adams county, Iowa, arriving in Quincy the latter part of October. Mr. Roberts rented a log cabin of Zachariah Lawrence and moved into it for the winter. This cabin stood on the prairie north of Carbon, near where the Houck school house now stands, and was twelve by fourteen feet in size. The Roberts family, being acquainted with the Lawrences and the Registers, old settlers in this county who had preceded them from Ohio to Iowa, enjoyed the winter very much, notwithstanding the hardships of a new country. In the spring of 1860 the Roberts family moved to the Sprague farm, now owned by C.A. Foote, and here they had a log cabin with a fire place and a sod chimney to do cooking. Mrs. Roberts remembers that they went with one of their neighbors to Des Moines to secure a plow to till Iowa soil, Des Moines being about the nearest point where a plow might be secured in those days. In the spring of 1861 Mr. Roberts moved to Mt. Etna, at that time a thriving metropolis with three frame buildings and two cabins. In the same year, he purchased some Adams county soil of Morgan Warren, the purchase price being $5 per acre, and in part payment Mr. Roberts traded a land warrant issued soldiers of the Mexican war. There are many other interesting incidents that have occurred in the life of this good woman that would be very entertaining to our readers, if we but had space to tell of them.

1860 Census - Adams Co., Iowa

Of the Inman family, to which Mrs. Roberts belonged, there are now living beside the subject of this sketch, Mrs. Marguerite Thompson, of Corning, aged 83 years; Hamilton Inman, Bigelow, Kansas, aged 78; Felix R. Inman, Antler, North Dakota, aged 73. Mrs. Polly Carlow, of Gross, Nebraska, died only a short time ago and her remains were brought to this city for interment, as our readers will remember. Of the immediate family of Mrs. Roberts, two sons are living, W.W., of Gove county, Kansas, and L.D. Roberts, residing near Mt. Etna, with whom Grandma Roberts makes her home. Her husband died about 20 years ago.

Adams County Free Press (Corning, Iowa) Apr 14, 1909

Spelling is the Pitts!

June 23, 2010

Pittsburgh -- Pittsburg

A Question in Etymology.

An old dispute has been revived in the city of Pittsburg, or Pittsburgh, as the case may be. In old times they used to spell it with an “h,” after the English fashion of putting that letter where it is least needed. The dictionaries incline that way in this case. Worcester, who is called Wooster at the North, has “burgh — a corporate town or borough,” and Webster gives the choice of burg, burgh, burough and burh without the “g.” This ought to be enough to satisfy all parties; but it only widens the breach, and obliging people, who wish to satisfy all parties, have their hands full.






Half of the papers have “Pittsburg” in their head-lines; the other half have nailed “Pittsburgh.”

These images are from the same map. For the railway, they used the Pittsburg spelling, but for the city, they used Pittsburgh.

The railroads, to secure traffic, have to paint their cars on one side “Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago,” and on the other “Pittsburg, Fort Wayne and Chicago;” on the locomotives they put “P., F. W. and C.,” and allow each man to spell it with an “h” or not, as he pleases. Harper’s Gazetteer drops the “h.”

In the meantime there is a lull in the question whether the first syllable in the name of the city should have one or two “t’s.”

The site used to be called Fort Pitt, in honor of the great English statesman; but people now generally think it is named after the coal pits which abound in the neighborhood.

Galveston Daily News (Galveston, Texas) Jun 16, 1874


More newspaper examples:

An 1867 paper


1833 Paper - "Pittsburgh"


Now, just for fun, two that use BOTH spellings!

1854 -- Gold Rush Era - California Paper


1845 - Norwalk, Ohio Paper

Shipwreck 1820

November 24, 2009
The Shipwreck (Image from

The Shipwreck (Image from

NOTE: Parts of this newspaper image were very hard to read,  especially the numbers, which I have marked with a – ?-  question mark.

Loss of the Ship Resource.

Mr. B. Wyman of this town, who arrived in the Jane, from Manilla, has communicated the following particulars respecting the loss of the ship Resource, Sowle. — “On the 20th of Nov. 1818, on the passage from Kamtschatka, being in about lat. 28, N  long. 80, E while under easy sail, at about 6 PM, she struck on an unknown reef of rocks, weather thick and squally — she remained about ten minutes, when she slid off, and on sounding the pumps found she had made considerable water — the pumps were immediately set at work, but the water gained on them fast. The foremast was then cut away, and all hands employed in clearing the wreck, and getting out the boats.

After providing provisions, water, &c. the officers and crew left the ship and she soon after sunk. The long boat, having on board most of the provisions and water saved from the ship, being very leaky soon filled and capsized, and the contents lost; some of the crew in her swam to the other boats, others clung to her till morning, and were then taken off, except one, who was drowned.

There were now the two whale boats left; Capt. Sowle and 12? men in one, and Mr. Joseph Harris, first mate, and 12 men in the other – each boat had about 30 lbs of bread, but no water — the men were on an allowance of half a biscuit per day. The boats kept company all the next day, but soon after dark the captain’s boat suddenly disappeared, and it was thought must have been upset, and all on board perished, as nothing was seen of her afterwards, the sea running very high. On the ?0th Dec., the surviving boat landed on the uninhabited island of Agrigon, the crew not having had any water for 2? days, except what they caught as it fell from the heavens, which gave them from one to three spoonfulls a man per day.

Mr. S. La Roach died Dec. 2?, Mr. Wm. S. Sp??hawk the ??th, Mr. Joseph Adams 15th; and Mr. Harris, the mate, fell from a rock, Jan. 17, 1819, while fishing and was drowned. Mr. Wyman and 7 others remained on the island subsisting on what it afforded, (it having been stocked with goats and hogs) till the 18th of Nov ’19, a period of eleven months, when they were discovered and taken off by a Spanish brig, bound to Manilla, at which place they were landed, Dec. 22. Two of the survivors went thence to Canton*, two remained at Manilla, and ? [3 ?] took passage for the U.S.

The Resource had no cargo but salt on board when lost.

Ohio Repository, The (Canton, Ohio) Jul 6, 1820

* China? Wales? Australia?

The latitude and longitude given in the article puts the ship somewhere in northern India, which doesn’t seem likely.  Kamtschatka, which is one location mentioned, appears to be on the lower part of the Russian peninsula near the Bering Sea. I was not able to locate Agrigon, or anything with a similar name, that would fit the general location, however, there are lots of islands in that area.

Child Overboard: A Dip in the Waves and a Roll in the Salt

May 19, 2009


From the New Haven Herald Aug. 10.

NOBLE ACT. — As the Huntress packet, captain Beecher, was returning from New York last week, a child of Mr. Hoyle*, by some unlucky accident, fell overboard. The wind blew fresh, and the unhappy parents beheld in agony their only son on the brink of eternity, without one ray of hope that he could be rescued. In this distressing moment, while the vessel was passing rapidly through the water, the helmsman Joseph Stevens, sprang from the quarter deck, committed himself to the waves, with the noble resolution of saving the infant or perishing in the attempt. He seized the child as it was sinking, and held him above water to convince the wretched parents that he was still alive.

The packet by this time had left them about half a mile, and was with much difficulty rounded to. Captain Beecher immediately manned his boat and pushed to their assistance. — Just as he reached them, poor Joe’s strength was exhausted, and he sunk, leaving the child to its fate. Capt. Beecher, with great presence of mind, as he seized the child with one hand, plunged the other under water to the arm-pit, and luckily succeeded in raising the sailor. Both Joe and the child were apparently dead. —- After rolling them in salt, and applying all the restoratives which are usually employed on such occasions, they both revived, and we are happy to state are doing well. The rich may boast of their charity, and princes their nobility; but never did any rich man perform a more disinterested act of benevolence — never did any prince achieve a more honorable one, than did this poor sailor, in restoring to the arms of its parents their only child, by snatching it from the grasp of death, at the risk of his own life.
* Mr. Hoyle is recently from Notingham, England.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) Aug 25, 1819

Fortunately, this near tragedy had a happy ending.

Tattling Made Easy

February 25, 2009


From the Catskill Recorder.

Messrs. Editors — Assiduously persevering in my great literary undertaking, I now enclose to you the contents of my third work, recently finished, in hopes that merely, the heads of the chapters will give such a view of the performance, as will produce a rapid sale, and entitle it to universal approbation.


Vast importance of the subject, especially in this rapidly improving nation — Advantages which we possess for this business over all other nations, owing to our extreme liberty, popular government, &c. Various inducements laid down, as the pleasures of the employment, its hostility to idleness, its happy effect, &c.


Things to be avoided by those who would become renowned in this important vocation. All authority and regulation in the family — Any considerable degree of learning — All writers of any celebrity, for they teach other doctrine, the Bible in particular — Love for neighbors and peace — Respect for one’s own character, or the character of one’s family — Attention to one’s own affairs.


Things to be acquired by a Tattler.
Volubility of tongue — A hearing ear — Sound lungs — Strong ancles — A spirit of inquisitiveness — A constant desire of verbal emission — Delight in thunder-storms — A retentive memory — A genius for invention.


The art of destroying the peace of a family. Become familiar with them — Ganin their confidence — Learn their foibles — Discover their separate interests — Learn who is friendly to some of them, and at enmity with some other of them — Prepared for a shot.


To destroy the peace of a society. Be extremely friendly with every family — Visit often — Drink strong tea — Talk much — Invariably report in one family every thing that will answer your purpose, which you hear in the others — Misrepresent a little — Add a little.


To ruin a character. It will generally answer to tell all that is true — Otherwise, invent; but talk in a mysterious, in direct manner — Express great concern for the person’s welfare.”


Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) Apr 7, 1819

**Removed a link that was no longer good.

Samuel Adams in the Shade

February 23, 2009
Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase


A correspondent has communicated for publication the following anecdote, which, although quite familiar to us, having previously been made acquainted with it through several different sources, yet presuming it to be new to most of our readers, we insert it, tending to display the high estimation in which the great patriot alluded to was held by one, who having labored with him in the darkest periods of the Revolution, was most competent to judge of his merits. — We can also add, that a similar sentiment was avowed by the late Judge Paine* on all proper occasions; and the prevailing opinion of all those who took an active part in the Revolution which resulted in our emancipation from foreign thraldom.

The first time Judge Chase visited Boston, he was introduced at one place and another, where he dined, to nearly all our distinguished men; but wondered that he did not see or hear any thing of Samuel Adams. At length he asked, where is your famous Samuel Adams? He was answered, Mr. Adams is in the shade, and he is now seldom seen or mentioned. Be that as it may, said the Judge, I will not leave Boston until I have paid my profound respects to that great man. But he is in his dotage; old and broken down. I am sorry for it said the Judge, but rather increases than diminishes my strong desire to pay him the homage of my profound respect; for said he, had it not been for Samuel Adams, I should not have been where I now am, a Judge in the Court of the United States; nay, he added, there would have been no United States for any of us to dwell in and boast of — He accordingly waited on him, and spoke to him, and of him, as the greatest man and the most meritorious patriot of the Revolution.

Samuel Adams

Samuel Adams

Two things threw Samuel Adams into the shade. 1st. He opposed, with all his might, the return of the refugees and royalists; while Alexander Hamilton did all in his power to facilitate their reception, and ensure their welcome. This conferred favor and popularity on the latter, and cast an odium on the former.

2d. His capacious and active mind was kept so constantly on the stretch, during more than thirty years, that its energies broke down its material frame before he came to the chair of government in this commonwealth. There are but few now living who can remember Samuel Adams when he was the main spring of our opposition to Britain, and our faithful pilot on the tempestuous sea of liberty.
*Judges Chase and Paine, it will be remembered, were decided federalists.Boston Chron.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) Aug 25, 1819