Posts Tagged ‘Assassination’

Gandhi Assassinated

January 30, 2012

GANDHI ASSASSINATED!

Incident Sets India Ablaze

NEW DELHI, Jan. 30 — (UP) — Mahandas K. Gandhi, saint of India, was shot and killed today in an assassination which may set the whole subcontinent of India ablaze with warfare between Hindus and Moslems.

The 78-year-old wisp of a man, his body even more frail than usual after a fast which ended a scant fortnight ago, was shot down by three bullets as he walked to the prayer grounds of Birla House for his evening devotions.

He was carried into the great mansion home of one of India’s greatest industrial magnates, in the arms of his weeping disciples. There he died at 5:45 p.m. (7:15 a.m. EST), a martyr to the cause for which de dedicated his life — India’s freedom.

Gandhi was shot by a man giving the name of Ram Naturam — a Hindu mane. He fired two shots from a revolver at Gandhi and then turned his gun on himself, firing a third shot which grazed his head.

The assassin, a man of about 32 years of age, was seized by Gandhi’s hysterical followers who pummelled him seriously before he was reached by police who drove the crowd back with rifles and fixed bayonets.

It appeared that the assassin was a Hindu extremist — one of a group which has bitterly attacked Gandhi’s policies of moderation and has called for a blood war of extermination against the Moslems. Only two weeks ago a bomb was exploded outside Birla House by a member of this group and Gandhi’s followers long had feared for his life because of the threats of these extremists.

The assassination seemed certain to mark a turning point in the turbulent history of the 350 million people who inhabit India.

Traverse City Record Eagle (Traverse City, Michigan) Jan 30, 1948


‘Great Soul’ Dies Disillusioned ‘Saint’

NEW DELHI, Jan 30. (INS) Mohandas K. Gandhi, the Hindu political and spiritual leader assassinated today, was unique in history — regarded as a living saint and a combined George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

There is nobody to step into the place of the “father of is country.”

But there are millions of Hindus who will try to carry out his preachments:

Nonviolence; live for your fellow man; simple living without pomp or luxury.

Gandhi, who was cut down at 78, had hoped to live until he was 125. He thought he could do this by being a strict vegetarian for one thing. He lived mainly on oiled vegetables and goat’s milk.

He devoted an hour or two every morning to sun bathing, tub bath, massage, and sometimes hsi beloved mudpacks.

Gandhi introduced the innocent seeming but powerful weapon of civil dosobedience — a policy of nonviolence that made British leaders helpless in their decades of political clashes over Gandhi’s goal of complete independence.
Gandhi was called the mahatma, or “great soul,” by his followers, a term which he disparaged.

He died a disillusioned man because his great goal of independence was marred by the splitting of India into two states, one of them Moslem Pakistan.

Long Beach Independent (Long Beach, California) Jan 31, 1948

President Shot Down

September 14, 2011

With Diabolical Deliberation, Leon Czolgosz, an Anarchist, Fires Two Bullets Into the Body of the Nation’s Highest Citizen — Tragedy Occurs in the Crowded Temple of Music at the Buffalo Exposition — Weapon Is Concealed Beneath a Handkerchief and as the Would-Be Murderer Proffers His Hand, Apparently to Clasp That of Mr. McKinley, He Pulls the Trigger — Latest Bulletin From the Bedside Is to the Effect That the Patient Is Resting Comfortably.

The Anaconda Standard (Anaconda, Montana) Sep 7, 1901

Our Martyred President

September 14, 2011

LET THE BELLS TOLL FOR THE NATION’S WOE

President McKinley Vanquished in the Battle With Death and His Life Goes Out in the Still Watches of the Night, Causing Millions of Hearts to be Chilled With the Sorrow Too Great for Words to Express.
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WILLIAM M’KINLEY.

Born in Niles, Ohio, Jan. 29, 1843.

Was educated in the public schools and Allegheny college.

Enlisted as a private in the Twenty-third Ohio in 1861.

Was commissionary sergeant in 1862, second lieutenant in 1862, first lieutenant in 1863, captain in 1864.

Served on staffs of Hayes, Crook and Hancock.

Was made brevet major of volunteers for gallantry in battle by Lincoln in 1865.

After the was studied law and was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1867.

In 1867 settled in Canton, Ohio, and that place has been his home since.

Was member of congress from Ohio from 1876 to 1891.

As chairman of committee on ways and means reported the tariff bill of 1890, known as the McKinley bill.

Elected governor of Ohio in 1891; was re-elected in 1893.

Was delegate-at-large to National Republican convention and member of committee on resolutions in 1884, and supported James G. Blaine.

Was delegate-at-large from Ohio to convention of 1888 and supported John Sherman; was chairman then of committee on resolutions.

Was delegate-at-large to convention of 1892 and was made its chairman. He received 182 votes for president, but refused to allow his name to be considered, he supporting Benjamin Harrison.

Nominated for president at the National Republican convention at St. Louis, June 18, 1896, receiving 661 out of a total of 905 votes.

Was elected president in November, 1896, by a popular plurality of over 600,000 votes.

Was elected president in November, 1900, by a popular plurality of 849,435.

Was stricken down by the hand of an assassin on Sept. 6, 1901.

Died at Buffalo, N.Y., Sept. 14, 1901.

THE LAST HOURS OF THE PRESIDENT
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Touching Scenes in Sick Room Where a Noble Life Was Fleeting.
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Buffalo, N.Y., Sept. 13. — Before 6 o’clock this morning it was clear that President McKinley was dying, and preparations were made for the last sad farewell from those nearest and dearest to him. Oxygen had been ministered steadily, but it had little effect in keeping back the approach of death.

Touching Incidents

The president came out of one period of unconsciousness only to relapse into another. During this period occurred a series of events profoundly touching in character. Downstairs, with strained and tear-stained faces, the members of the cabinet were grouped anxious-waiting.

Last Greeting to Dying Chief

They knew the end was near and that the time had come when they must see him for the last time. About 6 o’clock, one by one they ascended the stairway — Secretary Root, Secretary Hitchcock and Attorney-General Knox. Secretary Wilson was there, but he held back, not wishing to see the president in the last agony. There was only a momentary stay of the cabinet officers at the threshold of the death chamber and then they withdrew, the tears streaming down their faces and words of intense grief choking their throats.

Last Parting With Beloved Wife

After they left, the physicians rallied him, and the president asked almost immediately that his wife be brought to him. The doctors fell back into the shadow of the room as Mrs. McKinley came through the doorway. The strong face of the dying man lighted up with a faint smile as their hands were clasped. She sat beside him, and held his hand. Despite her physical weakness, she bore up bravely under the ordeal.

President’s Last Words

The president in his last period of consciousness, which ended at 7:40, chanted the words of the hymn “Nearer My God, to Thee,” and his last audible conscious words as taken down by Dr. Mann at the bedside were: “Good bye, all; good bye. It is God’s way. His will be done.”

Ready to Meet Death

Then his mind began to wander and soon he completely lost consciousness. His life was prolonged for hours by the administration of oxygen and the president finally expressed the desire to be allowed to die. At 8:30 the administration of oxygen ceased, the pulse grew fainter and fainter; he was sinking gradually like a child into the eternal slumber. At 10 o’clock the pulse was no longer to be felt in the extremities and they grew cold.

They Await the End

Below stairs a grief-stricken gathering waited sadly for the end. Those in the house were Secretaries Hitchcock, Wilson and Root, Attorney-General Knox, Senators Fairbanks, Hanna and Burrows, Judge Day, Colonel Herrick, Abner McKinley and wife, Dr. and Mrs. Baer, Mrs. Barber, Mrs. Duncan, the president’s sister; Mrs. Mary Barber, Mrs. McWilliams, Mrs. McKinley’s cousin; the physicians, including Doctors McBurney, John G. Milburn, John N. Scatcherd, Harry Hamlin, Secretary Cortelyou, and a numbers of others.

Nearing Eternity

At 9:37, Secretary Cortelyou sent out the formal notification that the president was dying, but the president lingered on, his pulse growing fainter and fainter.

Sorrow Pierces Every Heart

There was no need for official bulletins after this. Those who came from the house told the same story — the president was dying, and the end might come at any time. Dr. Mann said at 11 o’clock that the president was still alive, and would probably live some time. Thus the minutes lengthened into hours, and midnight came with the president still battling against death. Secretaries Root and Wilson came from the house about midnight and paced up and down the sidewalk. All that Secretary Root said was that the “end has not come yet.”

Early Report of Death

Shortly after midnight the president’s breathing was barely perceptible. It was recognized that nothing remained but the last struggle.
The arrival of the coroner gave rise to the rumor of death. The coroner said he had been ordered by the district attorney to go there as soon as possible after the announcement of death. He had seen the announcement in a local paper and had accepted it as true.

President Consoles Wife

The president was practically unconscious during the time, but powerful heart stimulants, including oxygen, were employed to restore him to consciousness for the final parting with his wife. He asked for her and she sat at his side and held his hand. He consoled her and bade her good bye. She went through the heart-trying scene the same bravery and fortitude which she has borne the grief of the tragedy which ended his life.

Cause of Death Undetermined

The immediate cause of the president’s death is undetermined. The physicians disagree, and it will possibly require an autopsy to fix the exact cause. The president’s remains will be taken to Washington, and there will be held a state funeral.

Vice President Roosevelt, who will now succeed to the presidency, may take the oath of office whenever he happens to hear the news. The cabinet will resign in a body, and President Roosevelt will have an opportunity of forming a new cabinet if he so desires.

Davenport Daily Republican (Davenport, Iowa) Sep 14, 1901

The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio) Sep 16, 1901