Posts Tagged ‘Canada’

European Politics for First Graders

October 30, 2012

Image from Rootsweb


In Ruhral places peace is pending
And passive resistance now is ending.

Mussolini still is Fiume-ing
And Napoleonic airs assuming.

The Prince of Wales has left incog.,
Canadian girls are all agog.

The comitadjas of Bulgaria
Enjoy their annual war malaria.

Albania will be smeared with Greece
For Italian mission’s sad decease.*

Cease balking! Cease! the league demands
But the Balkans balk at all commands.

Mark well the Ger.’s financial larks
A dollar is 50,000,000 marks.

Premiers Baldwin and Poincare
Are glad to fix le grande affaire.

— Clyde.

(*But after all, the prospect’s bright
That Corfu shall not ring tonight. –Ed.)

Middletown Daily Herald (Middletown, New York) Oct 1, 1923

More of the “White Man’s Burden”

November 7, 2011

Another collection of the “White Man’s Burden” from various papers and time periods.

Image from the book cover of A Prairie Populist on the Iowa Research Online website


Populist Delegate Holds Their Baby While His Wife Lobbies.

CINCINNATI, May 8. — Mrs. Luna E. Kelli is one of the most active among the delegates and lobbyists gathering here for the anit-fusion populist national convention. In the near vicinity can usually be seen her husband carrying “the white man’s burden” — in this case their infant.

Mrs. Kelli, who is the editor of the Prairie Home at Hartwell, Neb., is here as a delegate both to the Reform Press association and the populist convention. Her husband is also a delegate to the latter body. At home he is a tiller of the soil.

Mrs. Kelli is particularly active in urging the adoption of a universal suffrage plank, and her husband gives hourly proof that he is assisting her in attaining her desire.

Fort Wayne News (Fort Wayne, Indiana) May 8, 1900


Practically every western state is facing for this year the greatest tax bill on record. In many instances, the tax has been doubled and trebled in the past six years.

Industry will be called upon to pay this burden and there is no way to get out of it, for the bill has been contracted.

The people are largely to blame for the present state of affairs and they will get no relief until by their voice expressed at elections they have the courage to demand tax reduction and to hold public officials to campaign pledges for economy.

Further, the citizen must get out and vote for men and measures which guarantee economy. If this is not done our tax burdens will grow until it will take special deputies to hunt down individuals and confiscate their property, if they have any, to meet the tax bills. This is not an exaggerated picture.

That the power to tax is the power to destroy has been already well illustrated and taxation today is the greatest single item which prevents and will prevent a return to pre-war conditions. Inasmuch as we have an enormous war tax bill to pay in addition to our other taxes, it is all the more necessary that a reduction in local taxrolls be demanded and secured.

Ada Weekly News (Ada, Oklahoma) Jul 28, 1921


(By Associated Press)

NEW YORK, April 16. — Responsibility for righting the wrongs of the world rests with the people of the United States and Canada, Hanford MacNider, United States Minister to Canada, declared tonight, addressing the annual banquet of the Prudential Insurance Company of America.

“Whether we want the responsibility or not,” he said, “or whether the older countries have any desire to turn their eyes in our direction, it is from the North American Continent that the first move will be expected to right world affairs when they become complicated or confuses.”

San Antonio Express (San Antonio, Texas) Apr 17, 1931


France has taken possession of seven islands off the Philippines, with the secret approval of the United States.

This country has lost interest in that part of the world, inasmuch as the Philippines are to be given their freedom, if they so desire.

The United States preferred to have French occupy the islands rather than the Japanese.

From now on the French will be called upon to carry the white man’s burden in that region.

Ogden Standard Examiner (Ogden, Utah) Jul 30, 1933


The despatch boats Astrolabe and Alerte that planted the French flag on Tempest, Loaita, Itu Aba, Thi-Tu and Twin Islands and Amboyne coral reef found inhabitants on only two, Thi-Tu and Twin Islands.

Ogden Standard Examiner (Ogden, Utah) Aug 4, 1933


The mystery of Italy’s African policy seems to be at least partly explained in the latest statement from the government’s colonial department at Rome.

Under-secretary Allesandro Lessona says:

The Ethiopian situation is a problem of vast importance, embracing the whole European civilizing mission, not merely security for our own lands.”

Americans have not been able to see, from any facts provided by the Italian government, that lawful Italian interests were really threatened in Africa.

The Ethiopian government has seemed eager to settle on any fair basis the trivial boundary dispute that Italy makes so much fuss about. But now the situation begins to clear up. Europe has a “civilizing mission” in Africa, and must make life in that dark continent as “secure” as it is in Europe.

If the Ethiopians have a sense of humor, they must laugh as they read that.

Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana) May 11, 1935


The Indians of California are on the war path again.

It’s not scalps they’re after, this time, nor are they mobilizing to repulse a new invasion of “pale faces.” They are aroused because a law they pushed through Congress at the recent session was vetoed.

The law was an amendment to an act approved in 1928, which authorized the Indians to sue the U.S. for pay for lands, goods, and other benefits promised in the “Eighteen Lost Treaties” negotiated in 1851 and 1852. It would have made possible suits totalling $35,000,000 instead of just ten or twelve millions, as in now the case.

Of course the Indians are not trying to get back the land itself. But, in view of the hazards of land-owning these days, it might be a break for white men if they did. There is the continual struggle against droughts, insects, weeds and taxes. And now there is this new threat in California to try to support the whole State treasury by a tax on land alone — the Single Tax.

Although such was what Kipling meant by the phrase, nevertheless land seems to be qualifying as the real “White Man’s Burden.” And if this latest tax blow falls on land, we might just as well give it back to the Indians to let it become the Red Man’s Burden.

Arcadia Tribune (Arcadia, California) Jul 20, 1936


President Truman has announced that he is considering asking congress for legislation to permit the entry of European refugees — including Jews — to the United States.

How congress will react to this is a matter for speculation, but it is to be hoped that it will be rejected.

From a humanitarian standpoint we will admit that the victims of the World War should be assisted, but it should be in a way of repatriation rather than absorption.

Not so long ago we had an acute unemployment problem in this country, and it is not impossible that it should recur. What it would be if millions of Europeans were received into this country, no one can foretell. It would certainly require more than a glorified WPA, for most of the refugees would be penniless, and would have to  be provided with housing and maintenance until they could become established.

In view of the disturbance which is now in progress in Palestine, it would seem that the admission of Jews would be taking on a problem with which Great Britain has been unable to cope. We might be inviting an explosive situation such as is now besetting the Holy Land.

Somehow Uncle Sam has fallen heir to a large proportion of the white man’s burden of the entire world. We not only financed and furnished munitions and material for our allies in the late war, but have since made them loans, and now the President proposes to adopt all the unfortunates of war-torn Europe.

If the people of the United States are not to be brought to the economic level of Chinese collies, they will have to demand that Uncle Sam quit playing the role of Santa Claus.

Daily Inter Lake (Kalispell, Montana) Aug 17, 1946

J.A. Livingston
Three Major Crises For John Kennedy


Next week, Secretary of the Treasury Anderson will personally ask Chancellor Adenauer, of West Germany to assume more of the “white man’s” burden and, thus, relieve the drain on U.S. gold. The central bank of West Germany has reduced its discount rate from 5 per cent to 4 per cent in order to discourage the flow of investment funds from the U.S.

2. The new president will have to decide whether the nation is in a recession or recovery is just around the corner. More than 5,000,000 persons will be out of jobs when Kennedy assumes office. Then outdoor work on farms, construction, and the railroads will be at a seasonal low. As many as seven persons out of every hundred may be seeking work.

Mr. Kennedy, therefore, will have to decide whether to cut taxes to stimulate retail sales (see chart), or initiate hurried public works to provide jobs, or both. Such expansionary efforts will unbalance the budget and aggravate international worry about:

3. The soundness of the dollar. Even the richest nation in the world can bite off more economics than it can handle. In recent post-war years, high defense outlays, aid to under-developed nations, and federal social undertakings have overreached taxes. Collectively, as well as individually, Americans have been living on the installment plan.

Big Spring Daily Herald (Big Spring, Texas) Nov 13, 1960


Previous White Man’s Burden post.

Jacob Fournais “Old Pinau” Dies at 134 Years-Old

March 20, 2009


Death of a Man 134 Years Old.

(From the Kansas City, (Mo.) Journal.)

On Saturday evening last the oldest man in the State, if not the oldest man anywhere, died in Kansas City.

His name was Jacob Fournais, but know to everybody who knew him at all, as “Old Peno,” (or Pinau). — Nobody knew his exact age, not even himself, but he was known as an old man when men now four-score were children.

He was a Canadian Frenchman by birth, but for more than half a century was a hunter and trapper in the employ of the Fur Company, one of the French voyageurs, as they were called — most of that time with Major Andrew Dripps, the father of Mr. Charles A. Dripps, and father-in-law of Mr. William Mulkey, at whose house he died, and where he has been kindly and affectionately treated for the last thirty years.

He was never sick and only a few minutes before he died was walking about the room. He said to the family in the morning, that he would “never see the sun go down again,” and just before sunset, the machine stopped — the old man was dead.

He said he was working in the woods on a piece of land he had bought for himself, near Quebec, when Wolfe was killed on the heights of Abraham. This was September 13, 1759, and from what he told of his life previous th that he must have been over 21 years of age.

Thinking he might have confounded Wolfe with Montgomery — 1775 — we questioned him very fully, but his recollection of names and incidents were too distinct to leave any doubt, and the same account had been given to others before we saw him.

Another event which he remembered well, and which he seemed to always look upon as a good joke, was that, during the occupation of New Orleans by General Jackson — 1814-15 — he had been refused enlistment, “because he was too old.” The old man often told this with great glee. He must then have been about 80 years old.

Thus, taking everything into consideration, and we have been careful ever since we knew him to get all the facts about him we could find — from Major Dripps, the Chouteau family, Jim Bridger, Tim Goodale, Bent, Jim Beckwith and other old mountaineers — we put his age at 134 years.

He went from Canada to where Pittsburgh now is, thence down the Ohio in keel-boats, and was in New Orleans, it seems, in 1814.

Before this, however, he accompanied the expedition of Lewis and Clark, in their explorations of the Missouri and the discovery of the Columbia river in 1804-7. His experience during that trip, making him a valuable man to the Fur Company, he was afterward employed as we have stated, until thirty years ago; being then worn out and too old for active service, he came here to spend the evening of his life with the family of the man he had so faithfully served for so many years.

The last thirty years of his life were passed in quiet and comfort. — He preferred living by himself, and always had his own house, where he kept his pipe and tobacco pouch and such things as were articles of comfort to him, mostly such as he had from his residence with the Indians, not forgetting his rosary and a few religious pictures which hung above his bed. He was very neat in his person, clothes, and housekeeping, and up to the day of his death attended in summer to his tobacco plants and his cabbages. One of his great desires was to see a railroad, and when the first locomotive came screaming into the bottom which was in full view of his home, he was nervous as a child until he visited it. —

The wife of Mr. Mulkey, who has been his constant attendant from her childhood, took him down one day to the depot, where he had an opportunity to examine it, and saw it move away with a heavy train attached. — He expressed himself as satisfied, said he “could tell God he had seen a railroad,” and has never since expressed any curiosity on the subject.

Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana) Aug 1, 1871

More on Fur Traders and Trappers HERE.

In the book, Forty Years a Fur Trader, Andrew Dripps is mentioned on pages 416-417, in the chapter, “Sketches of Indian Agents.” The book can be found on Google Books, or click the link above.

Oscar F. Beckwith: Tried Six Times, Finally Swings

February 16, 2009


The story of Oscar Beckwith, the murdering cannibal, is mentioned in the above book.

Arrested for an Old Homicide.

HUDSON, N.Y., February, 24. A special from Gravenhurst, Province of Toronto, to the Daily Register says: Oscar F. Beckwith, charged with the murder of Simon A. Vandercook, at Austerlitz, Columbia county, January 10, 1882, was arrested on the Parry Sound district, east of Georgian Bay, Province of Toronto, Upper Canada, on Sunday by Ex-Sheriff Henry M. Hanan, of this city. The prisoner was in the wilderness 100 miles from civilization. He was conveyed to Toronto and lodged in prison awaiting extradition. Beckwith burned the body of his victim, some portion of which he pickled for food and escaped.

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) Feb 24, 1885


A Long Chase After a Murderer.

BRACKBRIDGE, Ont. Feb. 24. — On Jan. 10, 1882, in Austerlitz, Columbia county, N.Y., Oscar F. Beckwith, alias Charles White, murdered his companion and partner, cutting the body of the victim into pieces, burning the head and limbs in a box stove, and salting down the trunk. The remains were afterward found in the shanty which had been occupied by the deceased and the prisoner. Detective J.P. Gildersleeve, of Kinderhook, Columbia county, N.Y., went to work on the case and followed the criminal to the Pacific ocean, and thence through Canada along the Canadian Pacific railway. He put himself in communication with Detective Rodgers, of Barrie, and D.F. McDonald, a government woodranger, and these, with the assistance of Chief Constable Perkins, of Gravenhurst, accompanied by Detective Gildersleeve and Sherif Hamor, of Columbia county, N.Y., succeeded in arresting the murderer Beckwith at South River, in the district of Parry Sound. The party passed through here with the murderer, en route to Toronto.

Chester Times (Chester, Pennsylvania) Feb 24, 1885



Finally Strung Up on the Gallows — The Victim Nearly Eighty Years of Age — A History of His Crime — and Numerous Trials — A Hunt for Gold Leads to the Crime.

HUDSON, N.Y., March 1 — Oscar F. Beckwith, was hanged at the court house in this city at nine minutes past ten o’clock this morning for the murder of Simon Vandercook of Austerlitz, January 10, 1882.

This case became celebrated from the fact that the murderer was six time sentenced to death but succeeded in escaping the penalty until to day. Beckwith, who is seventy-eight years old, is repulsive in appearance. His conduct during his two trials and three years of confinement has been brutal, and he evidently delights in showing that he is a fiend in human form.

The crime was committed January 10, 1882. Beckwith lived alone in a hut in the town of Austerlitz, Columbia county. It was perched on the side of a mountain, where he believed there was a gold mine. For weeks and months he searched for the precious metal, but eventually a company purchased the land in the vicinity including the lot on which was located Beckwith’s little home. Vandercook, a robust, hearty man, about twenty-five years younger than Beckwith, was selected as manager of the property. From that time Beckwith entertained a hatred of Vandercook, and finally killed him and partly burned the body in a stove. On January 12 suspicions became aroused and a party of searchers headed by an officer went to Beckwith’s cabin and broke in the door. The dead body of Vandercook lay upon the floor. One ear, a foot and some other parts of the body had been cut off. The parts remaining were horribly mutilated, and a terrible stench pervaded the apartment. Two axes, on which were flesh, blood and gray hair, were found in one corner of the cabin. Three years passed without any tidings of the murderer. Detectives kept up the search, and in February of 1883 he was found chopping wood in a wild section of Ontario, Canada. He had been living there for some time under the name of White.

In the course of time he was extradited and brought to Hudson. He was found guilty of murder in the first degree and sentenced to be hanged January 8, 1886. The case was taken to the general term, which confirmed the judgement of the lower court, and he was sentenced to be hanged, the day for execution being July 20. An appeal was taken to the court of appeals, which likewise affirmed the conviction and the date of Beckwith’s execution was fixed for the third time. The prisoner’s counsel, Levi F. Longley, then moved for a new trial on the ground of newly discovered evidence, and Judge Ingalls granted the same on the affidavits presented. Appeals were taken to both the general term and court of appeals by the prosecuting attorney, who opposed Judge Ingall’s order granting a new trial.

The second trial was begun on February 2, 1887, but in the meantime the prisoner’s counsel asked for the appointment of a commission in lunacy to examine into Beckwith’s sanity.

The commisssion, after hearing the testimony of several physicians and experts, pronounced him sane, and a second jury, after a week’s trial, found him guilty of the crime with which he was charged. The fourth day set for his execution was March 24, 1887. The case then went to the general term for a second time, with no better results than before, and he was sentenced for the fifth time to be hanged, the day set for the execution being October 14. The court of appeals was again resorted to, but soon all hope was lost, and the old man, almost tottering by the grave, was sentenced to be hanged Thursday, March 1.

The Daily Northwestern (Oshkosh, Wisconsin) Mar 1, 1888


The execution of Oscar F. Beckwith, aged seventy-eight years, who murdered Simon Vandercook in 1882, and who had been six times sentenced to death, took place in Hudson, N.Y. on the 1st.

Stevens Point Journal, The (Stevens Point, Wisconsin) Mar 10, 1888

From the Lost Gold (Treasure Finder) website:

4) Somewhere in the Columbia County town of Austerlitz, high on one of the snow capped cones of the Tatonics lies an abandoned gold mine. (It was not very profitable as the yellow streaked quartz yielded very little gold.) Oscar Beckwith was born in this area in 1810, and after many years of traveling the west, returned home at age 67. After finding traces of gold on his property, he sought financial backing from a certain Simon Vandercook, taking him on as a partner. The partnership did not work well and in 1882, Beckwith did away with his partner. The grisly remains were found hacked up and disemboweled in his cabin. The skull had been charred inside a wood stove, the liver cooked in a frying pan and other parts apparently prepared for pickling in a brine barrel.

Beckwith was able to escape justice for six years, but was eventually found and brought to justice. Beckwith eventually confessed his crime and described in detail how he had bludgeoned, stabbed and partially consumed his victim to get rid of the evidence. The crime was so gruesome that Beckwith was sentenced to death by hanging.

While awaiting the sentence to be carried out, he told some of his visitors about the discovery of a new gold vein, much richer than the first, which he discovered just before he eliminated his partner. No coaxing would get him to reveal the location of the new site, for he hoped the governor of New York would commute his sentence. He was hanged on a cold March morning in 1888, in the courtyard of the jail at Hudson. Shortly thereafter, the infamous blizzard of ·8 swept across the Taconics, obliterating Beckwith? old cabin and any signs of his gold mine.

Was there a second gold mine? Greed was probably the incentive for Beckwith? murdering his partner Vandercook, thus it lends credence that a new gold vein had almost certainly been found.